Seed Industry Technical Terms & Acronyms

 

 

A

ABS: Access and Benefit Sharing

 

B

BAC: Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (library, database)

brassica: Scientific genus of vegetables whose members include mustard plants, cabbages

Bt: Bacillus thuringiensis (bacterium)

biodiversity

 

C

CAGR: Compounded Average Growth Rate

Cas9: CRISPR associated protein 9

CPI: Consumer Price Index

CRISPR: Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (gene editing technique)

cucurbits: the group of vegetables that includes cucumbers, squash and pumpkins

CVE: Crop Variety Evaluation

 

D

DA: Department of Agriculture (sometimes DoA)

DUS: Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability (testing)

 

F

FRAND: Fair, Reasonable and Non- Discriminatory

 

G

GDB: Genome Database

GE: Genome Editing (also Genetically Engineered)

GIS: Geographical Information Systems

GM: Genetically Modified

GMO: Genetically Modified Organism

GSP: Golden Seed Project (Korea)

 

H

ha: Hectare (10,000 square meters)

 

I

ICN: International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants

ILP: International Licensing Platform for vegetable plant breeding

IP: Intellectual Property

IPR: Intellectual Property Rights

ISPM: International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures

 

K

kg: kilogram (1,000 grams)

 

M

MBGP: Multinational Brassica Genomics Project

MLS: Multilateral System

MT: Metric Tonnes (1,000kg)

 

N

NARS: National Agricultural Research Systems

 

O

OP: Open Pollination (self-pollinating variety, interchangeable with “inbred”)

 

P

PBGB: Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biotechnology

PBR: Plant Breeders’ Rights

PGRFA: Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

PPI: Producers Price Index

PPP: Public Private Partnership

PRA: Pest Risk Analysis

PVP: Plant Variety Protection

PVR: Plant Variety Rights

PYT: preliminary yield trials

 

Q

QTL: quantitative trait locus (DNA mapping, analysis)

 

S

SEP: Standard Essential Patents

SMT: Standards, Measurement and Testing

SMTA: Standard Material Transfer Agreement

SNP: single-nucleotide polymorphism (genetics, molecular biology)

SSPPC: Smallest Saleable Patent Practicing Component

SRI: System of Rice Intensification

 

T

TCP: Technical Cooperation Programme

transcriptomics: Study of the transcriptome, the complete set of RNA transcripts that are produced by the genome

TRIPS: Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

 

V

VCU: Value for Cultivation and Use testing (often done in sequence with DUS)